At a very basic level the pattern means "contains"

#### Basic Examples

**a|b***denotes { "a", "b", "bb", "bbb", ...}**(a|b)***denotes the set of all strings with no symbols other than "a" and "b", including the empty string: {"a", "b", "aa", "ab", "ba", "bb", "aaa", ...}**ab*(c|ε)**denotes the set of strings starting with "a", then zero or more "b"s and finally optionally a "c": {"a", "ac", "ab", "abc", "abb", "abbc", ...}**(0|(1(01*0)*1))***denotes the set of binary numbers that are multiples of 3: { "0", "00", "11", "000", "011", "110", "0000", "0011", "0110", "1001", "1100", "1111", "00000", ... }

#### Advanced Examples

**.at**matches any three-character string ending with "at", including "hat", "cat", and "bat".**[hc]at**matches "hat" and "cat".**[^b]at**matches all strings matched by .at except "bat".**[^hc]at**matches all strings matched by .at other than "hat" and "cat".**^[hc]at**matches "hat" and "cat", but only at the beginning of the string or line.**[hc]at$**matches "hat" and "cat", but only at the end of the string or line.**\[.\]**matches any single character surrounded by "[" and "]" since the brackets are escaped, for example: "[a]" and "[b]".**s.***matches any number of characters preceded by s, for example: "saw" and "seed".

#### Negative Look-ahead

Sometimes you want to do some special regex that DOES NOT contain certain patterns but also DOES contain others. To do this you need the negative look-around operator (?...)

**^(?:(?!foobar).)*$**does not contain**foobar****^foo-(?:(?!bar).)*$**starts with**foo**does not contain**bar****^(?:(?!__).)*$**does not contain '__' - useful for matching device hostname only and no sub-elements

Special Exclusion Example

**(?=^((?!foobar).)*$).**does not contain foobar anywhere in the whole string